Cultivation, harvesting, processing, from transport to consumer cultivation the mango is a fairly hardy tree, but it struggles to withstand temperatures below 5c. The fruit of the mango tree is oblong and varies from just a few ounces to over 5 pounds. India has the richest collection of mango cultivars. Setting up an orchard that will be profitable in the longterm requires careful planning and attention to detail. Mango production manual introduction mango mangifera indica, linn. It has excellent flavor, low fibre content and smooth flesh. The mango industry in kenya has expanded considerably over recent years, not only in size but. They are fast growing erect trees with slender to broad and rounded upright canopy that can be used for landscape and shade. This means trees can be planted much closer200 to 350 per hectare depending on variety. If youre lucky enough to live in a tropical to subtropical climate, take these tips for mango tree care and enjoy the fruits of your labors in just a few years.
Mango cultivation in india production area, climate. Cultural practices are designed to maintain good growth and production. Dec 12, 2017 the sweet mangoes down the parched throats feel refreshing and cooling. Mangoes generally grow into a large tree, making management dif. The maximum harvest period lasts from october to january, and minimum from february to september. It can be cultivated until up to 0 m above mean sea level. Sep 21, 2017 mango is a fruitbearing tree grown in subtropical regions around the world. Fortunately, mangos are cultivated all around the tropical regions of the globe so americans can enjoy the delicious.
Production technology of mango linkedin slideshare. Mango farming pdf how to grow grafted mango tree faster. It is native to india, bangladesh, myanmar and malaysia, but can be found growing in more than 60 other countries throughout the world. Identify the most common farming practices used in the production of mangos including the use of equipment and manual labor. The mango tree is benefited by the cultivation and application of fertilizers to the cash crops.
The tree often develops a fairly strong taproot shortly after planting. Commercial mango cultivation by group of farmers in. Jun 24, 2016 tv5 news has 24 hours of news programs including telugu news live, hourly news updates, telangana news, andhra pradesh news updates, weather reports, exclusive interviews with celebrities. Tree, leaf and fruit characteristics the guava tree is naturally spreading and bushy.
Pits are to be filled with equal quantity of top soil and fym along with 3 to 4 kg. Mangos grow best in ambient temperatures ranging between 70. Reaching to 100 feet in nature, cultivated mango trees are controlled through pruning. Optimum temperature for mango cultivation is 2730c. In the tropics, mangos are usually grown at elevations between sea level and 1,200 meters, but does best below 610 meters in climates with a.
Mango cultivation in kenya mango is one of the most important fruit crops in the tropical and subtropical lowlands. Mango farming, cultivation aam guide for beginners. Exposure to temperatures below 30 f can kill or severely damage a mango tree. Mango has been found to grow on a wide range of soils. Bark of the trunk tends to be bright, smooth, and scaly. The first step is to choose a healthy nursery tree. Mango tree planting is suitable in zones where temperatures do not usually dip below 40 f 4 c. Mango cultivation in india is a good longterm agribusiness. Mango cultivation mango farming guidance annapurna. To facilitate spraying and harvesting, tree size is controlled by regular pruning. Alluvial and sandyloams are ideal for mango cultivation. Soil requirements mango trees grow and produce well on various soil types. Uttar pradesh and andhra pradesh, telangana are having the largest area under mango each with around 25% of the total area followed by bihar, karnataka, kerala, and tamil nadu.
The area under mango crop has increased but the rise in production is comparatively slow. Mango trees grow and produce well on various soil types. Propagation is usually carried out in the following way. Apart from this, mangoes are loaded with high vitamin a and vitamin c because of which, have the great market demand all the year around. Heavy black cotton, saline and alkaline soils should be avoided. Organic cultivation of mango in tamil nadu model bankable scheme for organic cultivation of mango in tamil nadu 1. Irrigation, nutrition, and weed and grass control are the major practices in mature mango tree care. Mango, mangifera indica, member of the cashew family anacardiaceae and one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. Distance of mango planting at 20 30 meters will allow bigger and more productive mango trees with less production cost and less pest and disease problems. The trees are longlived, as some specimens still fruit after 300 years. Mango cultivation and production technology bakhabar kissan. Rains during flowering are detrimental to the crop. Mango cultivation mango mangifera indica is the leading fruit crop of india and considered to be the king of fruits. Commercial mango cultivation by group of farmers in palakkad.
Guava develops best flavour and aroma only when they ripe on tree. Tree spacing planting density is a much debated subject. It has been cultivated in india, where it thrives and is. This manual is a guide for farmers, extension agents and tree nursery operators, detailing the process of planting a grafted mango tree and its management onfarm from planting to harvesting of fruits. The two harvest periods are classified as maximum and minimum. Mango is a fruitbearing tree grown in subtropical regions around the world. Mango has been grown in india since long and is considered to be king of fruits. Mango resources online information about botany, cultivars, and the cultivation and economy of mangoes, particularly in india. How ever, if you want to know more about mango cultivation, you can also plan to get the book from here. The deal range of soil ph for mango cultivation is 5. Other important members of this family include cashew, pistachio, and the mombins spondias spp. A ten year old guava tree gives a yield, up to 100 kg of fruit.
Mango mangifera indica l family anacardiaceae is the second major fruit crop in pakistan. The evergreen mango tree can grow as high as 35 40 m 115 ft. Mango trees originate from india and burma and diversified into other areas of southeast asia. Some producers plant trees on sloping sites to prevent waterlogging the root system. African mango guide the definitive guid to the bush mango. Organic cultivation of mango in tamil nadu model bankable. In the tropics, mangos are usually grown at elevations between sea level and 1,200 meters, but does best below 610 meters in.
The diseases is characterized by the presence of profuse oozing of gum on the surface of affected wood, bark of the trunk and also on larger branches but. Cultivation of mango is believed to have originated in s. Tv5 news has 24 hours of news programs including telugu news live, hourly news updates, telangana news, andhra pradesh news updates, weather. This taproot can continue growing until it reaches the soil watertable. High humidity and cloudy weather at the time of flowering are not favorable as they affect pollination and fruit set and encourage diseases. Mango cultivation mango farming guidance annapurna tv5. Mango is being cultivated in southern asia for nearly six thousand years. Experiments conducted subjecting mangoes to continuous. The main objective of the study is to promote commercial cultivation of the crop by small and middle scale farmers by projecting a one acre bankable model project.
Though there are nearly varieties of mango in india, only following varieties are. Mango occupies 22% of the total under fruits comprising of 1. The leaves are lightgreen, 715 cm long, oblong, and finely pubescent below. On the indian subcontinent, it has been under cultivation for at least 4,000 years. About 3040% of young mango trees are affected by the gummosis especially when the mango tree is planted in sandy soil but its prevalence has also been noticed in other mango growing soils. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, 1535 cm 5. Kosterman and bompard, 1993 this plant is better adapted to the tropical areas. Aug 18, 2019 to grow a mango tree from a seed, remove the pit from the mango, then use a steel wool pad to scrub all of the fruit fibers and hairs from the pit. Mistakes made at this stage are difficult and costly to correct.
The objective was to work out benefit cost ratio and net present worth of growing mango orchard. Mango is a large evergreen tree that can reach 15 to 30 m tall. Mango farming process, production guide, profit and tips 2018. There are concerted efforts in the leading mango producing countries in the world to increase the area under mango cultivation as well as the profitability of the fruits. Mango mangifera indica l is one of the choicest and most ancient fruits known to mankind. Mango seeds are selected from the fruits of healthy, wellgrown parent trees. Avocado is a very productive tree that delivers fruit all yearround. Mango cultivation is a bankable project because it may take 58 years to start bearing fruits but would do so for the next few centuries or till the tree is cut whichever is earlier. In areas of mango production, there is markedly increased demand for high quality mango fruits for both domestic and export markets.
Alexander the great found a mango garden in indus valley in 327 b. The flowers of a mango tree are small and white with five petals, and the fruit takes between three and six months to ripen. Suitability of soil types for mango cultivation hutton, clovelly and oakleaf are suitable for cultivation under irrigation. Mango, a national fruit of india, pakistan, and the philippines, and national tree of bangladesh has become an important fruit crop in other part of asia, southern and central america and in many. Mangoes have smooth skin and yellow flesh that is very sweet. W hen ripe, this delicious desser t f ruit is particular ly high in vitamin a. They are a long living tree with some specimens having been known to still bear fruit after 300 years.
Chemical requirements soil ph mango trees grow best in soils with ph values of 6 to 7,2. Mango tree is well adapted to tropical and subtropical environmental conditions. The mango tree is considered indigenous to eastern asia, myanmar burma, and assam state of india. Ameer khurso saint and poet from turkoman wrote a poem on mango as early as 30 a. The average weight of a fruit is 600g but fruit weighing over one kg are not uncommon. Introduction mango mangifera indica is the leading fruit crop of india and considered to be the king of fruits. Extended exposure to temperatures below 30f can kill or severely damage a mango tree, so in the u. Jan 08, 2018 mango mangifera indica l family anacardiaceae is the second major fruit crop in pakistan. Tree height is generally 45 m, may reach a height of 9 m.
Mango tree care is similar to that of any fruit tree. Mango farming, cultivation aam guide for beginners agri. To grow a mango tree from a seed, remove the pit from the mango, then use a steel wool pad to scrub all of the fruit fibers and hairs from the pit. Fresh mango curriculum lesson 1 4 cultivation of a mango tree mango trees thrive in tropical and subtropical climates, particularly in places with good rainfall followed by a dry season to stimulate fruit production. Proper planting one of the most important steps in successfully establishing and growing a strong, productive tree. Moderate airflow or wind is needed by mango trees to allow aeration to prevent the buildup of pest and diseases within the tree crown.
Selection of wild types has occurred for 40006000 yr, and vegetative propagation for at least 400 yr in india. How ever, if you want to know how guava is a medicine for modern diseases, you can also plan to get the book from here. Akbar the great 15561605 planted one lac mango trees in his bagh, which was named as lakh bagh. In guava cultivation, grafted plants come into bearing at the age of 3 years and peak harvesting periods are augustseptember for rainy season crop and janfeb. June 19, 2018 mango farming, mango farming guide, mango farming manual, mango farming pdf, mango planting, mango planting materials mangomanual planting grafted mangoes is the most ideal way to go about if you are planning your planting. Mangos uc davis western institute for food safety and. Mango cultivation tamil nadu agricultural university. Guava psidium guajava, the apple of tropics, is one of the most common fruits in india. Mango organic cultivation guideline infonet biovision.
Mango farming project report, cost and profit analysis. The tree is hardy in nature and requires comparatively low maintenance costs. The family contains 73 genera and about 600700 species, distinguished by their resinous bark and caustic oils in leaves, bark, and fruits. Water the trees deeply to saturate the long taproot. Irrigation is the same as for other established fruit and nut treeswater slowly, deeply and thoroughly. Distance of mango planting at 20 30 meters will allow bigger and more productive mango trees with less production. Withhold irrigation for two months prior to flowering and then resume once fruits begin to produce. A sample of 20 mango growing farmers was taken purposively from various villages of multan district. The tree is hardy in nature, can be grown in a variety of soil and requires. As an emerging tropical export crop, it is produced in about 90 countries in the world with a. Tjc mango is a beautiful golden orange fruit with an unblemished skin. However, it is noted that farmers have limited knowledge on fruit tree cultivation, particularly how to plant fruit trees. The mango industry of the country supports about 2.
Pdf mango cultivation practices for the subtropics researchgate. Commonly, nursery mango trees are grown in 3gallon 11liter containers and trees stand 2 to 4 ft 0. Jul 02, 2012 mango tree cultivation in the container. Leave the mango pit in a cool, dry spot overnight, then carefully pry open the pit with a sharp knife and remove the seed, which looks like a large lima bean. Pits of 60cm3 size are to be opened with recommended spacing. At african mango guide you will find out what is so special about the bush mango, and what it can do. Originating in the indoburma region, the mango has since spread to nearly all tropical areas of the world. However, commercial cultivations are limited to areas below 600 m above mean sea level.
However, deep and welldrained loam to sandy loam soils are most suitable for cultivation. Hutton, bainsvlei, clovelly, avalon and oakleaf are suitable for dryland conditions. More income per unit area is better attained by growing mango with other crops. It is the fourth most important fruit in area and production after mango, banana and citrus. In deep soil, the taproot descends to a depth of 6 m 20 ft, with profuse, widespreading feeder roots and anchor roots penetrating deeply into the soil.202 1070 440 1128 418 516 1091 704 730 1065 282 313 620 1581 1372 1334 90 764 540 894 1019 102 1384 1516 292 1004 965 570 1444 1043 1007 453 249 53 1303 516 1491 567 1246 168 889 533 1227